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Size effects on high temperature oxidation of MCrAlY coatings processed via APS and HVOF depositions

Abstract : The paper demonstrates how defects inherited from the deposition processes can severely impair the lifetime of MCrAlY coatings in service. The oxidation behavior of two NiCoCrAlY coatings was investigated at 1150 °C up to 500 h. The coatings had the same nominal composition but were processed by two different projection techniques: air plasma spray (APS) and high velocity oxy fuel (HVOF). Freestanding coating specimens were extracted from the coated system and thinned down to different thicknesses ranging from 400 to 15 μm in order to investigate size effects inherent to the oxidation response. The oxidation rate of the APS coating was found to be insensitive to the specimen thickness, while that of the HVOF coating increased with the specimen thickness, due to greater intersplat oxidation. APS specimens thinner than 60 μm experienced intrinsic chemical failure (InCF) due to Al consumption to form the Al2O3 scale. In comparison, HVOF specimens with a thickness of 367 μm were subject to InCF after 250–350 h oxidation. This first stage of InCF resulted in the formation of a Cr2O3 layer at the Al2O3/metal interface once Al activity in the MCrAlY coating was low enough to thermodynamically allow Cr2O3 to form. In addition, thick HVOF specimens developed mechanically induced chemical failure (MICF) resulting in the formation of (Ni,Co)(Cr,Al)2O4 spinels on top of the Al2O3 scale and within oxide intrusions. The occurrence of MICF was associated with the concomitant effects of Al consumption due to intrusive oxidation and the spallation of the external Al2O3 scale.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, May 10, 2022 - 3:55:43 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, May 24, 2022 - 4:07:52 PM

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Ali Kalush, Damien Texier, Maxime Ecochard, Quentin Sirvin, Karim Choquet, et al.. Size effects on high temperature oxidation of MCrAlY coatings processed via APS and HVOF depositions. Surface and Coatings Technology, Elsevier, 2022, 440, pp.128483. ⟨10.1016/j.surfcoat.2022.128483⟩. ⟨hal-03659709⟩

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