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Phosphorus recovery from municipal sludge-derived ash and hydrochar through wet-chemical technology: A review towards sustainable waste management

Abstract : Phosphorus (P) is a non-renewable resource, and its recovery and recycling are necessary for meeting future P demands and environmental conservation. Ash and hydrochar from incineration and hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) of municipal sludge, respectively, represent promising sources for efficient P recovery. The full-scale application of wet-chemical techniques has proven their technical feasibility for P recovery from sludge-derived ash. HTL for sludge treatment has received significant attention for producing biocrude with net-positive energy recovery. P recovery from the solid by-product of sludge HTL, hydrochar, is a critical step in holistic sustainable sludge management. This review aims to guide P recovery from sludge-derived ash and hydrochar by presenting recent advances in wet-chemical extraction and precipitation. By comparing their characteristics, ash and hydrochar derived from municipal sludge exhibit similar feasibilities and challenges for P recovery. Extraction is recognized as the critical step for P recovery. The advantages and disadvantages of various P extraction approaches are provided. Acidic extraction achieves high efficiency (up to 100%) but requires removal of co-extracted heavy metals. Alkaline extraction prevents metals contamination but shows low efficiency (<70%). Sequential extraction is first identified as an important advance in this review, with promising P extraction efficiencies (70–91%) and low metal interferences. Three possible fertilizers (struvite, calcium phosphates, and vivianite) are recommended through the final precipitation, given their pros and cons of recovery. Ultimately, this review highlights the need for a wastewater biorefinery integrating wastewater treatment, HTL (energy recovery), and nutrient recovery for sustainable sludge management.
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Submitted on : Friday, April 30, 2021 - 4:05:24 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, July 13, 2021 - 8:20:09 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Saturday, July 31, 2021 - 7:18:21 PM

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Huan Liu, Guangji Hu, Ibrahim Alper Basar, Jianbing Li, Nathalie Lyczko, et al.. Phosphorus recovery from municipal sludge-derived ash and hydrochar through wet-chemical technology: A review towards sustainable waste management. Chemical Engineering Journal, Elsevier, 2021, 417, pp.129300. ⟨10.1016/j.cej.2021.129300⟩. ⟨hal-03205823⟩

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