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Simultaneous hydrogen sulfide removal and wastewater purification in a novel alum sludge-based odor-gas aerated biofilter

Abstract : A novel alum sludge-based odor-gas aerated vertical flow biofilter (Al-OAF) was developed, which aims to removal the pollutants in wastewater and simultaneously to eliminate H2S generated from wastewater treatment facility. Three lab-scale parallel columns were operated in batch model while intermittently aerated with 200 ppm H2S (Al-OAF), air (Al-AF) and unaerated (Al-F, as blank), respectively. The pollutants in wastewater and the effluent H2S concentration from Al-OAF were monitored regularly. Results showed that three columns presented a high removal efficiency (>98%) of total phosphorus (TP) and a completed removal of H2S (100%) in Al-OAF. Al-OAF and Al-AF could enhance the removal efficiency of chemical oxygen demand (COD) of 94.3 ± 3.0, 94.8 ± 1.9%, and total nitrogen (TN) of 86.2 ± 14.2, 91.6 ± 5.4%, respectively. In particular, there was no significant difference regarding the COD, TN removal performances between the “H2S driven” Al-OAF and the “air driven” Al-AF. The H2S removal mechanism lies in the alum sludge ability of H2S adsorption and the reaction by the biofilm in the biofilter. This demonstrates that the novel Al-OAF (aerated with waste gas) would be a promising “wise choice” for intensified biofilter with dual-goals of simultaneous wastewater purification and H2S elimination.
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https://hal-mines-albi.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03205692
Contributor : Imt Mines Albi Ecole Nationale Supérieure Des Mines d'Albi-Carmaux <>
Submitted on : Friday, April 30, 2021 - 3:24:45 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, June 1, 2021 - 5:00:01 PM

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Baiming Ren, Nathalie Lyczko, Yaqian Zhao, Ange Nzihou. Simultaneous hydrogen sulfide removal and wastewater purification in a novel alum sludge-based odor-gas aerated biofilter. Chemical Engineering Journal, Elsevier, 2021, 419, pp.129558. ⟨10.1016/j.cej.2021.129558⟩. ⟨hal-03205692⟩

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