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Elucidation of the Diels–Alder Reaction Kinetics between Diphenylfulvene and Maleimide by Mechanochemistry and in Solution

Abstract : The Diels–Alder reaction kinetics between diphenylfulvene and maleimide using mechanochemistry and in liquid state is described. This reaction was carried out in solid state using a modified vibratory ball-mill with temperature control and in solution with toluene as solvent. The effect of temperature, ball mass, material, additives, and aging reaction were studied. We reported for the first time the kinetics of a mechanochemical reaction depending on the ratio ball mass/mass of the reagent. A new kinetic model has been established that corresponds well to our experimental data and allows an estimation of the global activation energy. In solution, the retro Diels–Alder reaction was observed. The reaction was second order for the formation of endo and exo and first order for the retro Diels–Alder reaction. The grinding method shows many advantages compared to solution: shorter reaction time, total reaction, and better selectivity.
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Submitted on : Thursday, April 15, 2021 - 2:26:31 PM
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Lori Gonnet, Alain Chamayou, Christiane André-Barrès, Jean-Claude Micheau, Brigitte Guidetti, et al.. Elucidation of the Diels–Alder Reaction Kinetics between Diphenylfulvene and Maleimide by Mechanochemistry and in Solution. ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering, American Chemical Society, 2021, 9 (12), pp.4453-4462. ⟨10.1021/acssuschemeng.0c08314⟩. ⟨hal-03197711⟩

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