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Characterization of surface properties of chitosan/bentonite composites beads by inverse gas chromatography

Abstract : Chitosan/bentonite (CSBt) composites beads were prepared by dropwise of a solution containing chitosan and bentonite to an alkaline NaOH solution. Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction analysis, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, XPS and Brunauer-Emmett-Teller BET analysis have been used to provide new insights on the composition and morphology of CSBt composites beads surface. In this study, inverse gas chromatography (IGC) was implemented to characterize physico-chemical properties of CSBt composites surface. IGC at infinite dilution (IGC-ID) was used to understand the effect of CS on dispersive component of the surface energy of the bentonite. The increasing amount of CS leads to significantly decrease of Bt γsd emphasizing the Bt coating with CS. The IGC at finite concentration (IGC-FC) was also implemented allowing us to reach several parameters such as: specific surface area with organic probes and the distribution functions of the adsorption energy sites on the solid surface. In this case, the most significant decreases were observed in the specific surface area obtained with the octane and isopropanol probes. The distribution function of the adsorption energy sites obtained with isopropanol revealed the decrease in the number of the high energy sites with increase of CS/Bt mass ratio.
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Submitted on : Monday, December 7, 2020 - 8:43:38 AM
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Soufiane Bensalem, Boualem Hamdi, Sylvie del Confetto, Rachel Calvet. Characterization of surface properties of chitosan/bentonite composites beads by inverse gas chromatography. International Journal of Biological Macromolecules, Elsevier, 2021, 166, pp.1448-1459. ⟨10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2020.11.024⟩. ⟨hal-02997266⟩

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