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Experimental studies of hydrothermal liquefaction of kitchen waste with H + , OH − and Fe 3+ additives for bio-oil upgrading

Abstract : Kitchen waste (KW) has gradually become a prominent problem in municipal solid waste treatment. Hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) is a promising method used to make fuel oil from food and KW. However, the upgrading of bio-oil is particularly important for the sake of industrial reuse. In this study, the KW from university restaurants was subjected to HTL experiments in order to study theoretical feasibility. With the change of conversion temperature and residence time, the optimal conversion working conditions in this study were determined according to the quality and yield of the bio-oil. Moreover, the bio-oil upgrading effects of different additives (hydrogen chloride, sodium hydroxide, and iron(III) chloride) on the HTL of KW were studied. Alkaline additives have an inhibitory effect on the bio-oil yield and positive effect on coke yield. Acidic additives and iron (Fe)-containing additives can promote bio-oil yield. As an important aspect of upgrading, the effect on the nitrogen content of bio-oil with additives was revealed. The alkaline and Fe-containing additives have little effect on reducing the viscosity of the bio-oil while with the appropriate ratio (2.5 mol•kg−1) of acidic additives to the raw material, the static and dynamic fluidity of the oil phase products are reduced to about 0.1 Pa•s.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, October 14, 2020 - 7:54:41 AM
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Lixian Wang, Yong Chi, Di Shu, Elsa Weiss-Hortala, Ange Nzihou, et al.. Experimental studies of hydrothermal liquefaction of kitchen waste with H + , OH − and Fe 3+ additives for bio-oil upgrading. Waste Management and Research, SAGE Publications, 2021, 39 (1), pp.165-173. ⟨10.1177/0734242X20957408⟩. ⟨hal-02945398⟩

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