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Multi-scale analysis of the generated damage when machining pockets of 3D woven composite for repair applications using abrasive water jet process: Contamination analysis

Abstract : Repair of damaged aircraft structural parts is a regular maintenance activity carried out to preserve airworthiness while being economically viable. Conventional repair techniques used have negative impact on the repair quality and environment due to dust emission. For eliminating aforementioned problem, this study investigates controlled depth abrasive water jet (AWJ) milling for repair procedure of 3D woven CFRP composite structures used in the new aircraft engine developed by Safran Aircraft Engines. The aim is to identify and quantify the damage and surface contamination induced by AWJ milling. For this, the influence of milling parameters on the damage and surface contamination is investigated through full factorial experimental study. Several characterisation techniques like 3D optical profilometry, Scanning Electron Microscopy and X-ray tomography combined with image processing were used for a multi-scale analysis of the machined surface damage and contamination. In fact, the machining quality was quantified using an innovative criterion called “crater volume” (Cv). The obtained results have shown surface contamination by embedded abrasive particles and presence of bare and broken fibres, cracks, craters. The results show that the rate of contamination is influenced by the jet pressure and the scan step and the Cv is influenced by the jet exposure time.
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https://hal-mines-albi.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02941045
Contributor : Imt Mines Albi Ecole Nationale Supérieure Des Mines d'Albi-Carmaux <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, September 16, 2020 - 5:47:43 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, September 24, 2020 - 3:53:37 PM

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Xavier Sourd, Redouane Zitoune, Akshay Hejjaji, Mehdi Salem, Laurent Crouzeix, et al.. Multi-scale analysis of the generated damage when machining pockets of 3D woven composite for repair applications using abrasive water jet process: Contamination analysis. Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing, Elsevier, 2020, 139, pp.1-11/106118. ⟨10.1016/j.compositesa.2020.106118⟩. ⟨hal-02941045⟩

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