Hydroxyapatite as a new support material for cobalt-based catalysts in Fischer-Tropsch synthesis

Abstract : Hydroxyapatite [HAP, (Ca10(PO4)6(OH)2)] is an emerging catalytic support possessing exciting features such as high thermal and mechanical strength, chemically stable with low water solubility along with tunable porosity and acid-basic character. Despite of these interesting characteristics, it has not yet been investigated in Fischer-Tropsch (FT) synthesis. Herein, for the first time, HAP-supported cobalt catalysts (Co/HAP) prepared by conventional incipient wetness impregnation method were examined in the FT synthesis process. The catalytic performance of these catalysts was compared with alumina-supported cobalt catalysts (Co/Alumina). HAP support was found to exhibit considerably less acid-site density, consequently, reducing detrimental interactions of the support with cobalt precursors leading to hardly reducible Co species that are generally observed with its alumina counterpart. Co/HAP catalysts exhibit relatively larger Co particle sizes (~9 nm versus ~6 nm, as observed from TEM analysis) and better Co reducibility when compared to its counterparts on alumina. FT synthesis at 20 bar, 220 °C and H2/CO = 2.1 showed that the CO conversion was higher on the catalysts (10 wt% Co loading) using HAP as a support material when compared to alumina. Under different testing conditions (220 or 230 °C) using the Co/HAP catalyst, the C5+ selectivity was in the range of 82–88%, whereas the methane selectivity was about ~10%.
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Rajesh Munirathinam, Doan Pham Minh, Ange Nzihou. Hydroxyapatite as a new support material for cobalt-based catalysts in Fischer-Tropsch synthesis. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Elsevier, In press, ⟨10.1016/j.ijhydene.2019.09.043⟩. ⟨hal-02304588⟩

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