Amorphous magnesium silicate ultrasound-assisted precipitation in a mixing system: Population balance modelling and crystallization rates identification

Abstract : Natural talc is a very interesting filler for plastic and rubber materials and paints because it enables polymer matrix properties to be improved. Nano-sized particles are required to get a good dispersion of the solid in the polymer matrix. However, at the moment the main drawback in the use of natural talc is that, with a conventional milling process, nanometric particle sizes are difficult and expensive to obtain. A process of magnesium silicate synthesis made by ultrasound-assisted precipitation has been developed in two steps. The first step consists of the synthesis of amorphous magnesium silicate by precipitation from sodium metasilicate and acid magnesium chloride. In the second step, the amorphous solid is transformed in a crystalline solid under pressure. In this study an ultrasound-assisted synthesis of amorphous magnesium silicate is proposed. Some process parameters (ultrasound power, initial reactants molalities and reactants flow rate) have effects on the particle-size distribution. The population balance is modelled and solved by moments method in the steady state to identify nucleation and growth rates and agglomeration kernel as a function of operating conditions and to understand how these conditions affect the particle-size distribution.
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Marie Dietemann, Fabien Baillon, F Espitalier, Rachel Calvet, Mike Greenhill-Hooper. Amorphous magnesium silicate ultrasound-assisted precipitation in a mixing system: Population balance modelling and crystallization rates identification. Powder Technology, Elsevier, 2019, 356, pp.83-96. ⟨10.1016/j.powtec.2019.08.004⟩. ⟨hal-02267199⟩

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