Crystallization of α-glycine by anti-solvent assisted by ultrasound

Abstract : Crystallization of α-glycine by addition of an anti-solvent (ethanol) assisted by ultrasound is studied. The experiments of crystallization are conducted at 303.15 K in a solution of 150 ml with continuous agitation by a magnetic rod. Ultrasound is then applied at powers ranging from 8 to 41 W thanks to an ultrasonic horn at 20 kHz. The supersaturation ratio (S) is followed throughout all the experiment. At the end of the experiment, the suspension is filtered, the solid is washed with ethanol and dried at 333.15 K. The resulting crystals are characterized by their final size distributions measured by laser granulometry, their morphologies observed by scanning electronic microscope (SEM) and their crystalline structures by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The influence of ultrasonic power (continuous 13, 28 and 40 W or pulsed modes), measured by calorimetry method, is studied for different addition rates (0.05 to 0.36 g of ethanol/min). Ultrasound permits to reduce the metastable zone width and to decrease the size of crystals due to an increase of the nucleation rate. The rate of de-supersaturation is higher in presence of ultrasound, inducing a higher nucleation rate, a higher growth rate or both. At 40 W, the decrease of supersaturation is faster, and the crystallization is finished in 40 min instead of 80 min (at 13 and 28 W) or 120 min without ultrasound. The use of pulsed ultrasound (50 on/50 off) is interesting from an economic point of view because similar results are obtained: comparable size distributions and resembling concentration profiles.
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Hector Rodriguez Vera, Fabien Baillon, F Espitalier, Philippe Accart, Olivier Louisnard. Crystallization of α-glycine by anti-solvent assisted by ultrasound. Ultrasonics Sonochemistry, Elsevier, 2019, 58, pp.104671. ⟨10.1016/j.ultsonch.2019.104671⟩. ⟨hal-02188665⟩

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