Effect of phosphatation and calcination on the environmental behaviour of sediments

Abstract : Dredging operations produce considerable quantities of materials, to be managed and this opens an opportunity for valorization in civil engineering. However, the contamination of the dredged sediments has become a major problem to solve. The major contaminants are heavy metals and organic compounds. This study focuses on the use of phosphoric acid (H3PO4) to stabilize heavy metals from sediments and destroy organic matter by calcination at 650 °C with a goal of using sediments in roadworks. Several studies have been conducted in this field. The stabilized materials obtained have been used in civil engineering. The main purpose of this work is to discuss the environmental behavior of marine sediment treated by phosphatation and calcination. Two types of phosphoric acids were used. The pH dependence leaching test has been used as the basic characterization to evaluate the effect of the type of phosphoric acid on the metals behavior in a valorization scenario. The standard leaching test and the Toxicity Characteristic Leaching Procedure (TCLP) were conducted as compliance tests. In regards of the obtained results, the environmental assessment has also shown a reduction in the availability of targeted heavy metals in alkaline environment whatever the type of acid used for treatment. This opens opportunities for co-valorization.
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Moussa Dia, Rachid Zentar, Nor-Edine Abriak, Ange Nzihou, Guy Depelsenaire, et al.. Effect of phosphatation and calcination on the environmental behaviour of sediments. International Journal of Sediment Research, Elsevier, 2019, 34, pp.486-495. ⟨10.1016/j.ijsrc.2018.10.002⟩. ⟨hal-01942707⟩

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