Application of activated barrier hopping theory to viscoplastic modeling of glassy polymers

Abstract : An established statistical mechanical theory of amorphous polymer deformation has been incorporated as a plastic mechanism into a constitutive model and applied to a range of polymer mechanical deformations. The temperature and rate dependence of the tensile yield of PVC, as reported in early studies, has been modeled to high levels of accuracy. Tensile experiments on PET reported here are analyzed similarly and good accuracy is also achieved. The frequently observed increase in the gradient of the plot of yield stress against logarithm of strain rate is an inherent feature of the constitutive model. The form of temperature dependence of the yield that is predicted by the model is found to give an accurate representation. The constitutive model is developed in two-dimensional form and implemented as a user-defined subroutine in the finite element package ABAQUS. This analysis is applied to the tensile experiments on PET, in some of which strain is localized in the form of shear bands and necks. These deformations are modeled with partial success, though adia-batic heating of the instability causes inaccuracies for this isothermal implementation of the model. The plastic mechanism has advantages over the Eyring process, is equally tractable, and presents no particular difficulties in implementation with finite elements.
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J. Sweeney, P.E. Spencer, D. Vgenopoulos, M. Babenko, Florian Boutenel, et al.. Application of activated barrier hopping theory to viscoplastic modeling of glassy polymers. Mechanics of Time-Dependent Materials, Society for Experimental Mechanics, 2018, 22 (2), p.145-165. ⟨https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11043-017-9369-5⟩. ⟨10.1007/s11043-017-9369-5⟩. ⟨hal-01699206⟩

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