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Monitoring of pathogenic microorganisms contamination during heat drying process of sewage sludge

Abstract : The sewage sludge from wastewater treatment plant is a potential source of infectious organism. The number and type of pathogens in sludge depends on various factors namely, the wastewater source, the type of treatment plant, and other environmental factors such as the biological medium offered by the sewage sludge. The principal sludge-borne diseases are presented followed by discussion on biological aspect of growth and occurrence. The overall objective of this work is to estimate kinetic reduction of pathogen population in sludge during different thermal-drying process including: the agitated conductive drying, drum drying, solar drying, and fry-drying. The temperature curves were reported from literature except frying data which were determined in experiment. In order to apply the temperature influence on pathogens population, kinetic parameters for the thermal inactivation (D, z-values) were chosen from literature. Values of concentrations of each pathogen were also extracted from scientific review of pathogens in bio-solids. This study conducted to resolve the survival kinetic of Hepatitis A viruses. The result showed that a concentration of 7 × 104 cfu/100 ml initially present in the sewage sludge is significantly reduced during the heat drying processes except the solar plant. The sewage sludge is completely disinfected when heated for 20 min, 10 min, and 10 s, respectively, during the agitated conductive process, vacuum fry-drying, and drum drying process.
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Mohamed Hédi Romdhana, Didier Lecomte, Bruno Ladevie, Caroline Sablayrolles. Monitoring of pathogenic microorganisms contamination during heat drying process of sewage sludge. Process Safety and Environmental Protection, Elsevier, 2009, 87 (6), pp.377 - 386. ⟨10.1016/j.psep.2009.08.003⟩. ⟨hal-01651373⟩



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