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Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) Applied to the Design of an Innovative Drying Process for Sewage Sludge

Abstract : Most adverse environmental impacts result from design decisions made long before manufacturing or usage. In order to prevent this situation, several authors have proposed the application of life cycle assessment (LCA) at the very first phases of the design of a process, a product or a service. The study in this paper presents an innovative thermal drying process for sewage sludge called fry-drying, in which dewatered sludge is directly contacted in the dryer with hot recycled cooking oils (RCO) as the heat medium. Considering the practical difficulties for the disposal of these two wastes, fry-drying presents a potentially convenient method for their combined elimination by incineration of the final fry-dried sludge. An analytical comparison between a conventional drying process and the new proposed fry-drying process is reported, with reference to some environmental impact categories. The results of this study, applied at the earliest stages of the design of the process, assist evaluation of the feasibility of such system compared to a current disposal process for the drying and incineration of sewage sludge.
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C.A. Peregrina, Didier Lecomte, Patricia Arlabosse, V. Rudolph. Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) Applied to the Design of an Innovative Drying Process for Sewage Sludge. Process Safety and Environmental Protection, Elsevier, 2006, 84 (4), pp.270-279. ⟨10.1205/psep.05169⟩. ⟨hal-01165254⟩



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