Identification of the Limiting Mechanism in Contact Drying of Agitated Sewage Sludge

Abstract : In spite of a great number of industrial applications, the thermal design of contact dryers for sewage sludge remains empirical. To improve the understanding of drying mechanisms, the penetration theory developed by Schlünder and co-workers for mono and multi dispersed packing is used to represent the experimental results from a laboratory scale dryer. For granular packing, the only adjustment parameter of the model is the mixing number, which characterizes the dryer and its stirrer. For pasty-like materials, the pasty phase is assumed to be a saturated particulate phase. As the calculation of the effective properties calculation is cumbersome for a multi-granular packing, the particulate phase is considered as a mono-dispersed packing, whose dimension is unknown. To identify the two adjustment parameters, the mixing number was quantified from experiments performed on activated alumina balls, for which physical and thermal characteristics are known, and then the characteristic dimension of the sludge was determined by adjustment of experimental drying kinetics measured in a batch agitated dryer. According to this model, drying is exclusively controlled by the contact resistance between the wall and the biggest particles contained in the dewatered sludge. The model allows to find most of the tendencies experimentally observed for different operating conditions.
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Patricia Arlabosse, Toma Mihai Chitu. Identification of the Limiting Mechanism in Contact Drying of Agitated Sewage Sludge. Drying Technology, Taylor & Francis, 2007, 25 (4), pp.557-567. ⟨10.1080/07373930701226955⟩. ⟨hal-01165249⟩

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