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Biosphere-atmosphere interactions

Abstract : The contemporary atmosphere was created as a result of biological activity some two billion years ago. To this day, its natural composition is supported and modified, mostly through biological processes of trace gas production and destruction, while also involving physical and chemical degradation processes. The biosphere has a major influence on present environmental conditions, both on a regional and global scale. One of the bestdocumented and most important indicators of global change is the progressive increase of a number of trace gases in the atmosphere, among them carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), and nitrous oxide (N2O), all of which are of biospheric origin. There is considerable uncertainty, however, regarding the processes that determine the concentration and distribution of trace gases and aerosols in the atmosphere and the causes and consequences of atmospheric change (Andreae and Schimel 1989). To improve our understanding IGAC created an environment for multi-disciplinary collaboration among biologists, chemists, and atmospheric scientists. This was essential to develop analytical methods, to characterise ecosystems, to investigate physiological controls, to develop and validate micrometeorological theory, and to design and develop diagnostic and predictive models (Matson and Ojima 1990).
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Mary Scholes, Patricia Matrai, Meinrat Andreae, Keith Smith, Martin Manning, et al.. Biosphere-atmosphere interactions. Atmospheric Chemistry in a Changing World. An integration and synthesis of a decade of tropospheric chemistry research, Series Global Change, the IGBP series, pp.19-71, 2003, ⟨10.1007/978-3-642-18984-5_2⟩. ⟨hal-00159757⟩



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